It shall come to pass in the last days
that the mountain of G-d’s house shall be established
on top of the mountains and all the nations shall flow unto
it. And many nations shall go and say, let us go up to the
mountain of G-d and we will teach us of his ways and we
will walk in his paths, for from Zion shall go forth the
Torah; and the word of G-d from Jerusalem. And he shall
judge among the nations and they shall beat their swords
into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks, nation
shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they
learn war any more – Isaiah 2:2-4
My house shall be acclaimed as a house
of prayer for all people – Isaiah 56:7
Had the nations of the world known
how much they benefit and are blessed by the Holy Temple they would have surrounded
it with legions of armies to protect it from any harm –
Bamidbar Rabba 1:3. Tanchuma Bechukosei 2. See Talmud, Sukkah 55b
My mailbox was flooded with e-mails responding to last
week’s article about the spiritual centrality of Israel.
I would like to address
one particular issue that was raised, regarding the role of the non-Jew in
the big picture. It’s all well and fine to say that Jews must reconnect with
their own spirituality if they are to have a healthy relationship with the
Promised Land. But where does that leave the non-Jewish world, including the
many Arabs living in Israel today?
My friend Richard put
it this way:
“Your message is, as always, presented eloquently and very much on the
spiritual mark. However, in dealing with the problems of present-day
Israeli, I feel it lacks a full perspective. No, I haven't been to Israel lately
- or ever. And I certainly can't lay claim to the same emotional and
spiritual connection you have with that amazing place.
“But I can relate to both the concept and manifestations of fairness. In
this light, how do you think your message would be interpreted by a law
abiding Palestinian? Your message says that the response - if not the
answer - to Israel's problems should be a Jewish reconnection with
traditional spiritual values. That's all well and good. But
can we infer that Jews who reconnect at that level will also recognize
the need and the mechanisms to reconnect with centrist Palestinians?
“Your only mention of the Palestinian population was by inference - and that,
by your reference to most recent, horrible suicide/homicide bombing. Are centrist
Palestinians left to simply hope that a Jewish spiritual reconnection will
play out in the form of reasonable political decisions and behavior
(the wall/the settlements)? Is their only hope that G-d, in his wisdom, will
somehow intervene to bring peace to all sides - if and when Jews
trigger the appropriate response from him?
“Or, even more on the edge, if G-d's promise of a promised land is for
Jews only, can the Palestinians hope for anything better than their own neutralization
as a manifestation of G-d's will? Would G-d sanction such a thing?
“Like many people who love the Torah, I find myself increasingly unable
to avoid such questions.”
* * *
There is a basic misunderstanding
about the Torah view on the role and relationship of Jews and non-Jews, and
by extension, between Israel and other countries of the world.
The prevalent view – both
among Jews and non-Jews – is that there is a fundamental, irreparable rift
between Jews and non-Jews, with no real change in sight. This frightening
view dominates much of the discourse on the topic of the Jews, Israel and
the world – a discourse that feeds, as mentioned, a serious distortion
of the issue.
Perhaps this is due
to the long history of anti-Semitism and the deep-rooted distrust between
Jews and non-Jews that has pervaded our collective psyche and clouds our judgment.
Many non-Jews carry profound stereotypes about Jews. The images and myths
include elitist, parasites, hucksters, money lovers, moneylenders, Shylocks,
Christ killers – the list goes on. Many Jews in turn are utterly suspicious
of non-Jews. And for good reason. History is witness to the endless persecution,
executions, genocides that Jews have endured in country after country, under
the rules of nation after nation. Egyptians. Assyrians. Babylonians. Greek.
Syrians. Romans. Crusaders. Inquisition. Pogroms. Holocaust.
This tragic history of
divisiveness has monopolized and defined the relationship between Jew and
Gentile, leaving us with a hopeless sense that this is a permanent, inherent
But is this divisiveness
the way it was meant to be and are we doomed to its destiny? Is there anything
more about the relationship between the nations and the Jews besides their
battles? Is their anything deeper?
It is true that in the
last few centuries much has changed in the world. Oppressive regimes of old
have been replaced by democracies. Many countries, beginning with the powerful
USA, have become havens of religious freedom. The forces of emancipation now
predominate around the world and they have allowed Jews (and for that matter,
people of all persuasions) unprecedented opportunities and equalities. There
is barely a place in the world today where Jews cannot live in peace and freedom.
Simply a miracle and a blessing – especially when contrasted to the world
of just 200 years ago. Yet, the argument still rages whether anti-Semitism
has actually waned, or has it just evolved into one with “manners.” Can and
will Jews and non-Jews ever be at complete peace with each other? Will the
Arab world and the rest of the world ever be able to coexist with a Jewish
Just read this week’s
Torah portion and you have the entire story before you. Even after the Egyptians
allow the Jewish people to be free after 210 years of oppression, they have
a change of mind and decide to pursue the Jews. At this point, the only solution
to end the Egyptian obstinate obsession with the Jews is to have them all
drown in the Red Sea. Give us a break! We were enslaved by you for centuries
– let us now leave in peace! But no, they cannot let go. How many times
has this been repeated in history? Is this our destiny?
Politically incorrect issues?
Indeed. Perhaps this discussion
is uncomfortable to those that see no hope. I, for one, am quite comfortable
to discuss these issues, because when we get beyond the misconceptions, there
is very much to look forward to, both for Jews and non-Jews.
The time has come to be
blunt. (Uh oh! what is he getting into here?!)
Truth be told, the division
between Jews and Gentiles goes back to the beginning of history. Esau and
Jacob were feuding already in their mother’s womb. “Two
nations are in your womb. Two governments will separate from inside you. The
upper hand will go from one nation to the other. The greater one will serve
And that has been the
story ever since.
Based on this, some argue
that we are destined to a perpetual battle between the nations and Jews.
However, there is another
critical angle to this story that has been sorely overlooked. When Jacob finally
meets and reconciles with Esau, Esau invites him to live side by side in harmony.
Jacob replies that Esau should go ahead, and he will follow. “The children
are young and the sheep are tender, we must travel slowly. You travel ahead
and we will catch up with you.” Rashi explains that Jacob was referring to
the end of days when Jacob and Esau will finally be at complete peace with
The world of the future
is one in which all nations will be united under one G-d. “Then I will turn
to the peoples a pure tongue that all will call upon the Name of G-d and serve
Him with one consent.”
But isn’t it true that
the Bible calls the Jewish nation the “chosen people.” Doesn’t the Torah “separate”
Jews from non-Jews? Isn’t that a sore point – a root of much resentment (or
as some cynics say: Only Jews are bothered by it…).
Well, well. The Chinese
believe that they are at the center of the universe. The Japanese call themselves
the land of the Rising Sun: the sun rises first in Japan and then in the rest
of the world. America considers itself the land of Manifest Destiny. Virtually
every people, every race, every county has its nationalistic pride. Yet, no
one resent them for it. No one kills them for it. Why? Because, as Dennis
Prager puts it, we don’t believe it! When it comes to the Jews, the world
actually believes that they are the “chosen people.”
But what does the Torah
believe? What does “chosen” really mean? What does it mean that there is “division
between Jews and the nations”? Since G-d created us all, aren’t we all equals
in the eyes of G-d?
I was once invited to
deliver a talk for a group of Protestant pastors about the Jewish view on
Messiah and the Redemption. I discussed the spiritual transformation the world
would undergo in the near future. A world filled with Divine knowledge, in
which all nations stand united under one G-d while maintaining their diversity.
At the end of my talk, one of the hosts thanked me on behalf of the group,
and asked me this question:
“We all agree with your
eloquent presentation of the world unity that will prevail in the Redemption.
Yet, one dilemma remains: the identity of the Messiah. We Christians believe
that is Jesus, someone that Jews have categorically rejected. How will we
ever be united on this contested point?
What was I going to say?
Here are the words that came to me at the time:
“Let’s put it this way.
The Messiah will be one Jew or another…”
The crowd laughed uncomfortably,
and they left it at that.
The Jews are chosen to
serve a unique spiritual mission. There is absolutely nothing racist, supremist
or condescending about that. Every nation, every person in this world – Jew
or non-Jews – has been chosen by G-d to serve a particular calling. Each of
us was created in the Divine Image and plays an indispensable role that no
one but you can fulfill.
Every nation has its role. The Jews have their role. Thomas
Cahill in The Gifts of the Jews and Michael Novak in On Two Wings powerfully
explain the great contribution of the Jewish people to the universe. The Jews
gave us, they write, a new vision of men and women with unique destinies.
The Torah teaches us a vision that life has purpose and progresses forward
toward a destination. History has a beginning and is guided by Divine Providence
for a purpose. Everything in creation is suffused with reason. This vision,
as they write, would thousands of years later inspire the Declaration of Independence
and our hopeful belief in progress and the sense that tomorrow can be better
Nothing to be ashamed of.
John Adams wrote: "I will insist that the Hebrews
have done more to civilize men than any other nation.... They are the most
glorious Nation that ever inhabited the earth. The Romans and their Empire
were but a bauble in comparison to the Jews. They have given religion to three-quarters
of the Globe and have influenced the affairs of Mankind more, and more happily
than any other Nation, ancient or modern… [even if I were an atheist] I should
believe that chance had ordered the Jews to preserve and propagate to all
mankind the doctrine of a supreme, intelligent, wise, almighty sovereign of
the universe, which I believe to be the great essential principle of all morality,
and consequently of all civilization."
Nothing to be ashamed
The time has come for
Jews, and for people everywhere, to stop being embarrassed of their unique
spiritual role. That is the meaning of true emancipation – not merely physical
freedom, but spiritual emancipation. When we feel free to express and fulfill
our true spiritual mission in this world.
As a “light unto nations”
Jews have a unique spiritual role to awaken each other and the world to its
own deep spiritual destiny.
By no means does this
preclude other people’s role in being spiritual leaders. Indeed, we find many
great sources of inspiration from special souls among all the nations of the
world. At the same time, Jews have historically served as spiritual beacons,
and must continue to rise to this calling.
The universe and all its
people and components are integrally connected. We are one large network,
with each part affecting all the others.
When any individual lives
up to his or her spiritual calling, all other people benefit. One individual’s
spiritual awareness heightens the spiritual awareness of all surrounding people.
This, of course, includes especially the Jew. As a “light unto nations” when
Jews live up to their spiritual calling, the entire world reaps benefits.
This brings is back to
the Promised Land. Israel is the bridge between heaven and earth for all the
nations of the world. When Israel is secure physically and spiritually, all
people will be at peace.
For this reason everyone
gravitates to the Holy Land (as discussed in last week’s article). Unconsciously,
ever nation, religion and individual senses that Israel is the spiritual vortex
of existence, the place where the doors open up to reach the Divine.
Thus, the connection of
Jews to Israel – which is essential to the Jewish connection to the soul (as
discussed in last week’s article) – is critical to the physical and spiritual
welfare of the entire world. No one will be neutralized as a result. On the
contrary: Everyone’s unique spirituality will emerge in a world where Israel’s
spiritual power is allowed to emanate forth.
The imminent world of
Redemption is described by Maimonides as a world when there will be “neither
famine nor war, neither envy nor strife, because good will emanate in abundance
and all delightful things will be accessible as dust. The one preoccupation
of the entire world will be solely to know G-d.”
To usher in this era we
– Jews and non-Jews – have to integrate spirituality into our material lives.
Israel, the nation and the land, are here to help us all to achieve this ultimate
purpose of life.
Peace in Israel, in the
spiritual hub of the universe, will bring peace to the entire world.
The Jewish search for
the Promised Land is not some partisan, nationalistic effort. It is not just
a “Jewish” thing, but a universal one. It is one with the global search of
all mankind to find peace between heaven and earth, between spirit and matter.
When Israel becomes our
spiritual center, and Jews recognize their spiritual connection to Israel,
what results is a more sensitive world, a more peaceful universe – a universe
that recognizes the inherent sanctity in all human beings, Jew or non-Jew,
Christian or Muslim, Israeli or Arab.
We may or may not have
an exact strategy how to deal with law abiding Arabs living in the Promised
Land. [Non-law abiding citizens need to be dealt with severely and decisively.
Ambiguity is disastrous in such a situation.] But one thing we know for sure:
When everyone recognizes the spiritual centrality of Israel, when Jews get
in touch with their own souls, when all people reconnect with Divine and the
Divine laws for all mankind, we will all be at peace, with no one compromised.
Law abiding means following
the laws of G-d that respects the fundamental sanctity of all life. The tragedy
today in Israel is the loss of all life, Jewish and Arab. True
peace is only possible when all peoples embrace the Divine law passed on to
us beginning from Abraham, father of all nations. Only when we access our
inherent spirituality will we be united. Anything else – no matter how beautiful
– divides us.
An Israel in exile – disconnected
from its soul – bodes conflict among all people.
Israel’s spiritual centrality
and Jewish spiritual renaissance is not just a matter for Jews. Indeed, its
is vital to the survival of all nations of the world.
Are we ready to embrace
this message? Do we have the courage?